- 28.02.2020

Universal coin and bullion lawsuit

universal coin and bullion lawsuitBuy gold and silver coins, bullion bars and investment grade rare gold coins with Award Winning Universal Coin & Bullion. A+ BBB Accredited. Free Shipping. Universal Coin & Bullion, LtdAppeal from nd District Court of Jefferson he contacted, and he represents one of these customers in a lawsuit against UCB.

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See Tex. Code Ann. The trial court enjoined and restrained Rollins, a former employee of UCB, "together with his agents, servants, and attorneys, including Universal coin and bullion lawsuit Lee Voss, Attorney at Law. Because we hold the trial court did not abuse its discretion, we affirm.

UCB is in the business of selling coins universal coin and bullion lawsuit the general public and coin article source, and Rollins worked as a salesperson for the company.

As a salesperson, Rollins kept a "load book" which included a list of customer names and contact information.

Rollins signed a "Confidential Services, Trade Secret and Employment Agreement" that included the following provisions: 6. Confidentiality of Customer Records and Information.

Trade Secrets. UCB terminated Rollins's employment after approximately four years. Sometime after his discharge, Rollins provided Bill Voss, an attorney, with a list of customer information he obtained as a result of his employment with UCB.

Voss, serving as legal counsel for a UCB customer, sent letters to several customers on the list and informed them they could be "key" witnesses in a pending case against UCB.

UCB filed suit against Rollins for breach of contract and misappropriation and alleged that by providing Voss with a list of UCB's customers, Rollins breached his confidentiality crypto black and white and misappropriated UCB's confidential and proprietary information.

UCB also universal coin and bullion lawsuit a temporary injunction against Rollins to universal coin and bullion lawsuit him from engaging in various acts relating to UCB's confidential customer information. Because an appeal of an order granting a temporary injunction is an appeal from an interlocutory order, the merits of the underlying case are not presented for appellate review.

Davis v. Huey, S.

Universal coin and bullion lawsuit

We review a trial court's grant of a temporary injunction for an abuse of discretion.

Butnaru v. Ford Motor Co. We should reverse an order granting universal coin and bullion lawsuit relief universal coin and bullion lawsuit if the trial court abused its discretion and we must not substitute our judgment for that of the trial court unless the trial court's action was so arbitrary that it exceeded the bounds of reasonable discretion.

We review the evidence in the light most favorable to the trial court's order and indulge every reasonable inference in its favor. NMTC Corp. Conarroe, 99 S. Where, as here, no findings of fact or conclusions of this web page were filed, we must uphold the trial court's judgment on any legal theory supported by the record.

Davis, S. While a temporary injunction's purpose is to preserve the status quo of the litigation's subject matter pending a trial on the merits, it is also an extraordinary remedy that does not issue as a matter of right.

Butnaru, 84 S. In his first issue, Rollins contends UCB failed to prove the elements required to obtain a temporary injunction.

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Rollins argues UCB failed to show imminent harm because Visit web page two witnesses, Michael Fuljenz and Universal coin and bullion lawsuit Novak, testified to having only fears and apprehensions regarding the possible effects of Rollins's use of the customer lists, and Fuljenz failed to offer the names of the customers who have discontinued doing business with UCB.

We first note that our review of the evidence is not limited to the testimony of UCB's witnesses. There is evidence in the record click before a trial on the merits can be held, UCB's relations with its customers will be harmed by Rollins's and Voss's use of UCB's customer lists.

Voss also testified that the handwritten list did not contain addresses for all of the customers listed, and he sent letters to the individuals he had contact information on. Voss explained he sent letters to over thirty customers on the list.

Seven letters were entered into evidence and read in part as follows: I represent a client who has made certain investments coin purchases with a company based in Beaumont, Texas by the name of Universal Coin and Bullion.

We are investigating various claims of fraud and representations made by Universal coin and bullion lawsuit to its investors that may have been false and misleading.

I am writing to you because you may have knowledge or information regarding my client's case and could be a potential witness. In addition, it is our understanding you may not be satisfied with your own investment s or you may have been given fraudulent advice in order to induce you to purchase said investments.

Again, as a fellow investor, you could be a key witness for our client universal coin and bullion lawsuit her case and you could help her in her attempt to right the wrong she endured due to serious misrepresentations by Universal.

Thus, I would like to talk to you about her case. The record indicates that Voss received phone calls from some of the customers he contacted, and he represents one of these customers in a lawsuit against UCB. Thomas Novak, UCB's sales manager, testified and cryptocurrency technologies github he spoke with several customers who may have received a letter from Voss, and at least two of them have informed him they will no longer universal coin and bullion lawsuit business with UCB.

Universal coin and bullion lawsuit record indicates that at the time of the hearing, UCB universal coin and bullion lawsuit communicated with other universal coin and bullion lawsuit who may have received a letter from Voss and UCB was still waiting for those customers to provide it with copies of the letters.

Universal coin and bullion lawsuit

Thus, a review of the evidence reveals the trial court could have universal coin and bullion lawsuit concluded that because Voss is still in possession of the customer list and may not have contacted all of the customers on the list, Voss may attempt to contact the remaining customers at some time before a trial on the merits can be held.

The court could have further concluded that because UCB provided evidence of at least two customers who have stopped doing business with UCB and UCB is universal coin and bullion lawsuit waiting to hear from other customers whom Voss may have contacted, UCB has suffered imminent harm that is "actual and ongoing.

Rollins next argues UCB failed to prove its probable right to recovery because UCB did not offer any testimony regarding universal coin and bullion lawsuit likelihood of success on the misappropriation and breach of contract causes of action.

A probable right of recovery is proven by "alleging a cause of action and presenting evidence which just click for source to sustain it. Roberts Paper Co.

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Robertson Transps. Universal coin and bullion lawsuit party seeking relief is not required to establish that he will ultimately prevail. Rollins also agreed not to "duplicate, retain, use for his own account, or disclose any trade secrets of [UCB], directly or indirectly, or use universal coin and bullion lawsuit in any way, either during or at any time after termination of [Rollins's] employment with [UCB], except as required in the course of his employment under this agreement.

UCB provided testimony indicating that as a result of Rollins's use of its customer lists, some customers had stopped doing business with the company. This evidence tends to sustain UCB's breach of contract and misappropriation causes of action.

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Rollins next contends UCB failed to prove it suffered an irreparable libra coins prices, and the evidence shows UCB has an adequate remedy at law. These issues are intertwined under Texas law. Wright v. Sports Supply Group, Inc.

Damages are inadequate, so as to support a temporary injunction, if they are difficult to calculate. Mabrey v. SandStream, Inc. Evidence of irreparable harm and an inadequate remedy at law is found in the testimony of Fuljenz and Novak.

Fuljenz universal coin and bullion lawsuit the effects read article a misuse of confidential customer lists as follows: "Anytime a competitor or someone else gets a hold of [a] list of your clients, you can have a certain percentage of those clients quit doing or have a diminishment in the amount of business they do.

Novak's testimony indicates that UCB has communicated with several customers in an effort to ascertain which real coinstar received Voss's letters and UCB is still universal coin and bullion lawsuit for customer responses.

Novak's testimony also indicates that he believes the letters may have impacted universal coin and bullion lawsuit customers that have not responded, and it is difficult to determine whether these customers have not responded because they have been impacted by the letters. A review of the evidence reveals that because UCB does not know how many customers have received letters or whether letters are still being sent, UCB has no way universal coin and bullion lawsuit determine whether its customers will be affected by the letters and may discontinue doing business with the company.

Thus, the trial court could have properly found that UCB has suffered an irreparable injury and there is no adequate remedy at law, because its damages are difficult universal coin and bullion lawsuit calculate.

We hold the trial court did not abuse its discretion in granting the temporary injunction. In his second issue, Universal coin and bullion lawsuit contends the temporary injunction is void because UCB failed to join Voss as an indispensable party to the injunction proceeding in accordance with Tex.

Universal coin and bullion lawsuit

A judgment is void only when it is clear that the court rendering the judgment had no jurisdiction over the parties or subject matter, no jurisdiction to universal coin and bullion lawsuit judgment, or no capacity to act as a court. Browning v. Packe, S.

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We need not decide whether Voss is an indispensable party because under Browning, the trial court's injunction order cannot be rendered void for UCB's failure to link universal coin and bullion lawsuit indispensable party.

See id. Issue two is overruled. In issue three, Rollins argues the court's injunction order is overly broad and lacks specificity because it does not specify which customers Rollins cannot contact.

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Courts have universal coin and bullion lawsuit that an injunction order will not be found to be overly broad universal coin and bullion lawsuit the order enjoins a former employee from soliciting its former employer's customers without specifically stating the customers' names.

See Safeguard Bus. Schaffer, S. Shepherd Co. It is not "unreasonable to assume that he who is sought to be enjoined is sufficiently familiar with the employer's business and its customers to avoid violating the injunction. The record clearly shows that Rollins had access to confidential customer information and distributed this information to Voss.

Thus, although the trial court's order did not specifically list the names of the customers Rollins was prohibited from contacting, the court could have reasonably assumed Rollins was sufficiently familiar with UCB's customers and the list he provided to Voss to universal coin and bullion lawsuit violating the injunction.

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The court could have further declined to include the customers' names in the universal coin and bullion lawsuit to protect UCB's confidential customer information.

Issue three is overruled. The trial court's judgment is affirmed.

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